Nova Scotia History And Other Important Information About This Province

nova scotia geography

Nova Scotia is one of Canada’s founding provinces that is located at the eastern part of the country. Famous for its apples, blueberries, lobsters, and fish, this seafood-rich region is 1 of 3 maritime provinces of Canada.

Get to know more about Nova Scotia history as well as the information that every visitors must know about this remarkable Canadian province.


Namenova scotia flag

Nova Scotia is the Latin word for “New Scotland”. The name of the province was given in 1621 after a Royal Charter was made to grant early Scottish people a place to stay. Eventually, the same charter granted Sir William Alexander the right to settle lands in Canada in 1632.

Trivia: Although the flag of Nova Scotia has been used for centuries, it was only officially recognized by their provincial government in 2013!


Nova Scotia is enclosed by the Northumberland Strait (north), the Atlantic Ocean (south and east), and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (west). The province is connected to the Chignecto Isthmus on the west side, which is a part of the New Brunswick. Moreover, it is the 2nd largest Canadian province, slightly larger to Prince Edward Island.

The capital of Nova Scotia is Halifax. And during World War II, this municipality of Nova Scotia was a major strategic port in North America as Allies carried convoys of supplies and munitions from Halifax to Western Europe.



Nova Scotia history can be traced back to the Triassic and Jurassic periods. In fact, a rich collection of dinosaur fossils have been unearthed in Nova Scotia that most paleontologists come here frequently in search of specimens. Then eventually the province was inhabited by the Mi’kmaq people who settled in Nova Scotia for the next 10,000 years. There was also evidence of Norsemen setting foot in Cape Breton and have possibility settled in the region as well.

In 1497, the first group of explorers had arrived, followed by the French colonizers in 1605 to establish Acadia as their permanent settlement. Soon after, the British have arrived and fought many battles against the French. And this paved the way for the founding of the province in 1621.

A century later in 1755, most of the French were eradicated in Acadia. And in 1763, the Treaty of Paris was made to end the conflict of the British and French with the condition that the British will take Cape Breton & eventually, Quebec.

In 1867, Nova Scotia joined the Canadian Federation and became 1 of the 4 founding provinces of the country.

nova scotia people


Nova Scotia history also includes its people. And though the province is one of the most densely populated provinces in Canada, its population only consists of 940,000 people.

Most of the inhabitants are English-speaking, but there are 4% of people who speak in French specifically, those people who are residing in Acadia.


Coal mining plays a vital role in the economy of Nova Scotia. The industry had experienced a decline from the 1960’s onwards, but managed to make a comeback in the 90’s. Aside from that, agriculture is also a leading source of income for local farms particularly, those who are engaged in the dairy and poultry businesses.

Moreover, the Nova Scotia history won’t be complete without mentioning seafood. Since the province is near the ocean, locals have been fishing all sorts of seafood to be sold and distributed to other parts of the country and therefore playing a crucial role in the local economy of the province.

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